Diabetes, Know the symptoms

Diabetes, Know the symptoms

Diabetes is a killer. It is estimated that over 16 million people in the US alone has diabetes. Diabetes can have serious lifelong conditions. half of the people that have diabetes don’t even know that they have it.

Diabetes is a disorder of the metabolism. Metabolism is the way our body digests food for growth and energy. Most of the food we eat is broken down by our digestive juices into simple sugar. This simple sugar is called glucose. Glucose is the main source of fuel for the body. For this source of fuel to get into the cells insulin must be present. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas.

There are three types of diabetes. The three are type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes and finally gestational diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes is also known as insulin dependent or juvenile diabetes. Someone with type 1 diabetes needs daily injections of insulin to live. Type 1 diabetes accounts for about 23 percent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes in the US. Symptoms include increased thirst, unrination, constant hunger, weight loss, blurred vision, and extreme tiredness. If not diagnosed and treated with insulin a person can lapse into a life threating coma.

Type 2 diabetes usually appears in people over the age of 45 years old. The body cells resist insulin. The insulin resistance may be due to obesity and lack of physcial activity.

Gestational diabetes develops during pregnancy. This type of diabetes disappears after the birth of the child. But the woman who have gestational diabetes has a greater risk of getting type 2 diabetes later in life.

Diabetes affects 16 million people: some of its complications are blindness, kidney failure, amputation.

Blindness results because of damage to the retina. Kidney failure happens because the kidney blood filtering unit is damaged. In the toes and feet, damaged nerves impair circulation and may lead to amputation.

Getting treated early can save your life. So go and see your doctor early.

Sanjana M Shenoy is a A dietitian from Mangalore, Karnataka, India. Having worked as a Dietitian for the Manipal Group of Hospitals namely KMC hospital Mangalore, India. She is also a consultant for corporate's like Infosys and others, conducting talks and presentations for various associations and local television shows. She consults at her Diet and Nutrition clinic "Nutrihealth" in Mangalore. Also is a visiting consultant to various hospitals in and around Mangalore and also runs an active online consultation.

8 Replies to “Diabetes, Know the symptoms”

  1. I found your site on technorati and read a few of your other posts. Keep up the good work. I just added your RSS feed to my Google News Reader. Looking forward to reading more from you down the road!

  2. Hi Sanjana, i’m 12 weeks pregnant and my father and all his siblings have Diabetes, so i am worried about getting gestational diabetes.I’m from south india and as u know our staple food is rice, what changes do i make to avoid getting gestational diabetes? can switching from rice to wheat rava help?
    pls advice

  3. Hi Harshita,

    It is nice to know that you are concerned about your health. There are a lot of factors revolving around gestational diabetes. Rice is not the only culprit. I will be posting an article on GD very soon.

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