Category: Life style diseases

What causes Fatty Liver

What causes Fatty Liver


Before discussing about “Fatty Liver’, let us learn something about the organ itself.

-Liver-  is also called The “Silent” organ in the body.

Generally people talk about their teeth, hair, lungs, heart, face etc, but very rarely about Liver and its existence, even though Liver happens to be the largest organ in one’s body weighing roughly one and a half kilos. It resides in the upper right part of one’s abdomen, well protected by ribs. It is said that it does more than 500 types of jobs and if any one of its major jobs  fails  , one can better start making funeral arrangements. One can not  find any  other way of over-emphasizing the importance of this vital organ in the human body than mentioning it in the manner  as above.

Liver  participates virtually in everything, as for example, it provides muscle fuel, if one wants to play a game of Golf, digest one’s breakfast, manufacture the Vitamins that helps one’s night vision and so on. Its job is endless. This being so, is it not one’s duty to take care of this vital organ from diseases? protect it from any damage? and at least minimum care, so that it can do its job silently and help one to lead a healthy life free from diseases.

Hepatitis, Fatty liver, Cirrhosis, Cancer, etc, are some of the common diseases affecting the liver.

Now lets just discuss about Fatty Liver

What is Fatty Liver?

Fatty liver is a condition where fat or triglycerides deposit in the liver.Some fat in the liver is mormal, but if it makes up more than five to ten percent of the weight of your liver , you would be at risk. Alcoholic or non-alcoholic.

What causes metabolic fatty liver disease?

1. Alcohol consumption.
2. Metabolic causes like diabetes mellitus, obesity.
3. Hepatitis C.
4. Drugs.
5. Starvation.

1. What are the diseases most commonly seen in Fatty liver?

Fatty liver itself is an abnormal condition and it increases the risk of developing conditions like Cancer, hepatitis, Cirrhosis, etc. At these latter two stages, jaundice might also develop.

2. Does diet play any part?

diet rich in fat and calories raises the chance of obesity-induced insulin resistance.

3. What is the treatment?

Treatment starts with weight reduction, but not rapidly. An average of 1.6 kgs/ week is recommended. The target should be 10% reduction of the baseline weight.Depending on the stage and symptom of the disease, medications are prescribed.Diet, exercise, and certain medications are the recommended ways to reduce weight.Bariatric surgery is advised for morbidly obese patients.

4.  Is it possible to lead a normal life With a fatty Liver?

Fatty liver is a life long condition. Still with a few lifestyle changes,necessary treatment,and periodic check up with the doctor there is no reason why a patient suffering from fatty liver should not enjoy a normal life.

You can also read on ways to cure fatty liver

Do you also have a fatty liver? How do you cope up with it, have you done any modifications in your life style to control fatty liver? Please do let us know.

What is Type 1 Diabetes?

What is Type 1 Diabetes?

Glaucometer for Measuring Blood Sugar
Glaucometer for Measuring Blood Sugar

We don’t completely understand what causes juvenile onset diabetes, but there is much research being done to answer the question. At present it seems that the body treats the beta cell in the pancreas as something “foreign” that does not belong in the body. The result is the beta cells get “zapped” and killed. We don’t understand why this only happens to certain people. Also, we cannot predict everyone who will get diabetes. We can decrease the damage with certain medicines, but each one of them has side effects and once the destruction occurs we cannot make the beta cells return.

Insulin is secreted in the pancreas along with digestive juices and several other hormones. The pancreatic cells known as beta cells produce insulin. For reasons that are not yet completely explained, the immune system of a person with Type 1 Diabetes tends to cause the destruction and death of beta cells. When a large number of beta cells die your pancreas can no longer make all the insulin that you need. As a result of this destruction, it is necessary to provide your body with insulin made outside the body.

Read more on: How can we control Type 1 Diabetes?

Why do we need Insulin?

Why do we need Insulin?

Insulin Test
Insulin Test

When you eat a meal, the carbohydrate (starch, sugar or glucose) is absorbed from your intestines. Sugar enters the blood stream and is delivered to your liver. Normally, the pancreas simultaneously secretes insulin which is also delivered to your liver.

Insulin acts like a key to the gas cap of a car. It opens the cap to most of the cells in your body and allows the glucose to enter, to be stored and to be used as energy. In your liver insulin allows the storage of glucose as glycogen. Insulin also enters the general blood stream and is delivered to the cells in your body where it allows entry of glucose into the cells in your muscle, skin, and fatty tissues. The presence of glucose into the cells is the fuel for their normal function. When glucose enters the cells, your blood glucose concentration decreases. Therefore, insulin makes your blood sugar lower. Insulin also prevents the release of fat from the fat cells and glucose from the liver cells. If you lack insulin, the absorbed carbohydrate from your meal is not stored in your liver, but rather enters your bloodstream producing an abnormally high blood sugar. The cells and organs in the rest of your body are also unable to allow entry of sugar.

Lack of insulin causes your blood sugar to rise or increase. When the blood sugar exceeds (is more than) 180 mg/dl you begin to urinate frequently and get thirsty. Since no sugar (fuel) is entering your cells, you begin to feel run down and tired. If this continues your body turns to fat for fuel. A large amount of ketone bodies can make you sick to your stomach and cause even more urination. Finally you can get so sick that you begin to breathe heavily and lose you r ability to talk and stay awake. At this point diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is present and can lead to death if untreated or treated long after its onset.

When did you last have a complete health check up done? If you are above the age of 25 years and have a family history of Diabetes, I recommend you get one done immediately. Remember precaution is always better than cure.

Why street food is harmful?

Why street food is harmful?

street vendor

Everyone loves to eat out occasionally, and that includes eating street food from the street vendors, Here are a few reasons why they pose a threat and why is it best to avoid them.


Ever wondered what makes mango juice and ice golas so bright orange and peas look green and fresh? Its metanil yellow and malachite green, the textile dyes, which despite being banned, are used as food colouring agents. They are carcinogenic (can cause cancer) and mutagenic (can change genetic information of the embryo) and are responsible for liver damage and tumors.


Be careful about where you go biryani eating binge. Its wise to avoid non veg until you are convinced of the kitchens hygiene. Meats shelf life is 16 hours, after which it starts decaying to produce botulinum toxin, a neurotoxic protein, one of the most poisonous naturally occurring substances in the world. Also known as sausage poison it occurs in badly handled or badly cooked meat products. If the meat is not processed properly, the intestine of the chicken, fish and crabs could contain allergens like e-coli and salmonella, which could cause urinary track infection, severe itching, swelling of hands and feet.


•Bhajjis, samosas, pakoras and aloo cutlet: here the oil is reheated, making it oxidized. Also it loses essential fatty acids or ; ingredients like potato, besan quality may be either be stale or of inferior quality know

•Pani puri: you never known the quality of water used to prepare the much loved sweet and kakra pani of the pani of the pani puri. More so, as the stalls are usually located by the roadside, both pani and aloo masala are continuously exposed to harmful vehicular emission. Next time you choose to eat out, colera and diarrheoa might just be lurking around the roadside shop.

•Chole bhature, fried rice: usually cooked at the start of the day, heated and reheated for every customer, huge amount of cooked soda used for easy cooking of chole and rice produces lot of carbon dioxide in the body, resulting in uneasiness and stomach upset.

What you should know about Obesity

What you should know about Obesity

What you should know about Obesity
What you should know about Obesity

Obesity is determined by measurement of body fat, not merely body weight. People might be over the weight limit for normal standards, but if they are very muscular with low body fat, they are not obese. Others might be normal or underweight, but still have excessive body fat.

Different measurements and factors are used to determine whether or not a person is overweight to the degree that it threatens health: Body mass index (BMI) (a measure of body fat), Waist circumference., Waist-hip ratio, Anthropometry, The presence or absence of other disease risk factors (e.g:  smoking, high blood pressure, unhealthy cholesterol levels, diabetes, relatives with heart disease) in addition to obesity. (Such risk factors plus BMI may be the most important components in determining health risks with weight.) .The earliest contributory factor, i.e. parenteral nutrition may activate a genetic tendency towards overweight. A pattern of obesity can be established in infancy.

A number of dietary habits put people at risk for becoming overweight:

  • Night-Eating: Consuming between 25% and 50% of daily calories between the evening meal and the next morning is referred to as night-eating syndrome and is associated with obesity.
  • Binge Eating and Eating Disorders: About 30% of people who are obese are binge-eaters who consume more in one sitting. Many experts believe that binge-eating carbohydrates causes an increase in a natural opiate leading to dependence on carbohydrates, and, therefore, the condition should be treated as an addiction. Dangerous consequences of binge eating are its antitheses, the eating disorders bulimia and anorexia. Bulimia is binge-eating followed by purging in order to lose weight. Anorexia nervosa is a mental illness in which the person refuses to maintain weight at the normal level because of a terrible fear of getting fat and an abnormal perception of what his or her body looks like. Both conditions pose risks for serious medical problems, and anorexia nervosa can be life threatening.
  • Restrained Eating: Some people, mostly middle-aged women who have normal weight, have a pattern referred to as restrained eating. This pattern requires a high level of conscious control and usually maintains a lower weight. However, such restrain places these individuals at higher risk for loss of control and subsequent overeating.
  • Infrequent Eating: There is some evidence to suggest that eating small frequent meals uses more calories than infrequent large meals.
  • Habitual overeating may come solely from environment. Purposeful overeating also occurs through ignorance. It is essentially of environmental nature than of hereditary origin. What happens to be a genetically induced condition is more often merely a passing on to food habits from one generation to next. Children tend to imitate their overeating parents; thereby familial trend of overweight is seen. Excessive calorie consumption whether in children or adult leads to fatness.
  • Psychological problems also do affect a person and food act as a sedative to give temporary solace and in psychosomatic group are people who lack any other interest in life. They live only to eat and derive no reward from love, family, art etc. For these people food restrictions would be cruel and useless.
  • Reactive obesity has its roots in some upsetting experience, such as home sickness, illness or death of a dear person.  

Specific Groups at Risk
Ex-Smokers: The trend toward weight increase has followed the trend for quitting smoking. Nicotine increases the metabolic rate, and quitting, even without eating more, can cause a weight gain, which may be considerable. It is important to note that weight control is not a valid reason to smoke. People in previous centuries did not smoke cigarettes, nor were they usually obese.

Shift-Workers: A recent study found that individuals who work late shifts (between 4PM and 8AM) tend to eat more and take longer naps than day workers and are more likely to gain excess weight.
In Obese adults following calories restrictions can only reduce the size of fat cells but not influence their number which remains fairly constant. In very obese person, chiefly the number and the size of adipose cells are greater. This decrease in cell size is not permanent, and it is rapidly restored when restrictions are stopped. As a result the individual may be morphologically more abnormal after weight loss than before. Prevention is always better early in life, through control of the factors which leads to obesity will be the only effective treatment.