Category: Guest articles

8 Ways to fight acidity instantly

8 Ways to fight acidity instantly

Acidity

Heart burn acidity,Gastric reflux are very common problems which all of us have to face some time or the other. There are two solutions to the problem which are, one  instant cure and the other a  long term one. Curing it altogether falls in the second category.

How does acidity happen?

There are many reasons  for  acidity, one  such as the presence of helicobacter pylorus,high hydrochloric acid levels in the stomach, functional problems with the stomach valve ( which puts a lid on the contents when the food is churned), too much of fried food,and eating a big meal and sleeping are related to acidity.

The Instant Solution for acidity

Eat a chilled banana,drink bael juice, chilled curds,  (though in the long run dairy is linked to causing acidity i.e lactose intolerance) Chilled Sabudana kheer, if nothing is available drink lots of water.

 

The Long term solution for acidity

The following few steps are sure to give you some relief from acidity

  1. Begin the day with half a cup cabbage juice (Ayurveda endorses it besides many naturalists) or white petha juice . They lower the acid content.
  2. Drink minimum of 3 glasses of water in the morning and follow up with a biscuit and a very light tea (with milk added if required). Try to avoid tea.
  3. If you are not used to a breakfast , start with a fruit like banana or a papaya.
  4. Acidity gets worse with an empty stomach.
  5. Acidity is frequently caused by dairy products. so give up dairy procucts for a week. and see the effect. ( not completely recommended )
  6. Have rice instead of wheat for a week and see if the acidity comes down. Instead of rice ,one can have dosa, idli without sambhar , poha or rice noodles with Less of oil.
  7. Avoid fried food for aweek and instead munch rice and chana roasted together with very little oil for taste and curry patta, add a little salt to taste.
  8. Avoid cauliflower,rajmah,heavy dals as it brings up gas with acidity.
Insulin – Facts, Effects and When To Take Your Next Dose

Insulin – Facts, Effects and When To Take Your Next Dose

insulin
insulin Pen

Insulin is a hormone that is produced by the pancreas and is required for maintaining sugar levels in the body,  people with type 1 diabetes the pancreas does not produce insulin. And in type 2 diabetes insulin does not work as it  nornally should . The amount of insulin produced by the pancreas may also be less.

How is Insulin obtained ?

Earlier, insulin was sourced from slaughter houses. That is from the pancreas of dead animals. Now, Insulin can be synthesised in the laboratories by sophisticated technologies ( recombinant DNA) .

Who needs Insulin?

In type 1 diabetes , Insulin is a must for living.  In type 2 diabetes, doctors advice Insulin in certain situations like pregnancy, during and after surgery, severe infection and when patients are not able to eat. When tablets do not work, one needs insulin for diabetic control.

Is Insulin the best option for people with type 2 diabetes  ?

There are several advantages of insulin. Recent research indicates that use of insulin from the beginning or at least for some time at the beginning, it not only helps in controlling diabetes better, but also maintains  pancreatic function in the long run.

How many times a day do one need to take insulin ?

This depends on the insulin regimen your doctor advises. There are several regimens doctors use. The best regimen is to use three short acting insulin before main meals and a longer acting insulin at bed time to take you through the night. The problem of this regimen is that you need to take four  injections a day. Now, we have insulin available in  a mixed form which can be injected two times a day. , before breakfast and before dinner. If one is on a combination of insulin and tablets , one can manage with one injection a day. In that case the best time to take insulin is before dinner, not before breakfast. Longer acting insulin is available which works for 24 hours.

What is the best time to take Insulin?

The best time to take ordinary insulin is 30 minutes before food, so the level of insulin and sugar in the blood after food intake matches . But in case you have eaten already, it is better to take the injection immediately after, rather than not taking.

A new but costly insulin is available ( Aspart,Lispro ), which can be injected immediately before food, i.e if you do not need a time span as it works faster than ordinary insulin.

Should I go to a doctor or a nurse to inject insulin?

You can inject it yourself. There is always a fear initially , but everybody manages well once they learn.

Insulin injection is less painful when you inject yourself rather than a doctor or a nurse doing it.

Are there any side effects of Insulin?
Insulin is a natural hormone, so side effects are not expected. Sometimes there will be some skin allergy with animal insulin, but this is rare.
There is a chance of little gain in weight, mostly due to better control. ( You lose weight when sugar is uncontrolled and you gain your  lost weight back when your control improves).

Low sugar ( Hypo) can occur and that is mainly due to mismatch or miscalculation of diet and insulin.

Can I take insulin in some form other than Injection?

The world  is still waiting for the day when insulin can be given without an injection. It is encouraging that plenty of research is on the pipeline to find out if an insulin delivery system without injection will be available. But for now, it is only injections.

Which insulin is better, animal or human?

Two types of animal insulins are available, one is bovine and the other is porcine. They have slight structural difference with human insulin. So far as the efficacy is concerned , there is little difference. Allergy to human insulin is very rare,  but can happen with animal insulin. Animal insulin is cheaper in comparison to human insulin.

What happens if I miss an insulin injection?

Try as best as you can, not to forget your dose, because it alters your control very much which is in fact not very good. If you have an access to check sugar either in lab or by pricking your finger, please do, so that you know where you  actually stand and take appropriate step in consultation with your doctor.

Apart from the Insulin treatment for diabetes which is a chronic disease resisting cure, there are many new treatments which have gone a long way in diabetes management.  A few of them are given below.
  1. Byetta( Exenatide)
  2. Liraglutide
  3. Januvia(Sitagliptin) and Galvus(Vildagliptin)
  4. Buccal sprays(Oral Recosulin)
  5. Insulin pumps

Unsteadiness during ageing and a few tips to keep you safe

Unsteadiness during ageing and a few tips to keep you safe

Ageing and unsteadiness
Ageing and unsteadiness

Unsteadiness is a common problem with increasing age. Staying steady depends on the systems within the body remaining healthy. In one staying steady, muscles and joints play an important part along with the eyes and the brain.

If one has problem with his or her balance and/or walking or if one had a fall, the family physician has to be consulted who will give an action plan to reduce the risk of falling. Strength and balance exercises will be the primary advice from the doctor., Then checking your home for hazards,  investigating into your health problem if any, getting your eyes tested / also taking care of your feet, Monitoring the medicines you are taking, can also be a part of a Doctor’s  investigation.

One should try to benefit most out of exercise program  especially designed by the Doctor or a physiotherapist.This is specially important if one has had a fall or is unsteady on his/her feet.

Simply because one had a fall or one is afraid of a fall, doing exercise should never be given up. Reducing  physical activity can also  make one more prone to falling !

In a nutshell the above are summarized below.

a) Checking your eye sight:
Your vision plays an important role in your sense of balance and movement.

b) Managing your medicines:
Some medicines can make you faint or unsteady. Consult a Doctor. He may  prescribe a change in the dose or the  medicine itself.

c) Making your home a safe environment:
Keeping an eye on things that could cause you to slip/trip/hurt, make your home safe. Good lighting, anti-slip mat in the bathroom ,hand rails wherever needed are a few thing required.

d) Taking care of  your feet:
Beware of foot problems. They can affect your mobility and balance. Loose and worn-out foot wear should be avoided.

E)  Eat Well and Take Your Supplements
Eating nutritiously means choosing foods that provide you with the right amounts of carbohydrates, proteins and fats, as well as vitamins and minerals. Minimum levels that are required to keep you from suffering from a deficiency in one or more of these elements is not the same thing as obtaining sufficient quantities to reach an optimum level of health and to maximize your body’s ability to fight disease.

HEART ATTACK – A Personal Experience

HEART ATTACK – A Personal Experience

heart attack
heart attack

Many people think that a heart Attack is sudden and intense like they show in a movie, where a person clutches his chest and falls down.

I too had the experience of a Heart attack eight months back, symptoms of which started slowly on one fine morning at about 11 a.m in the form of a discomfort in my chest region. I  also had all the symptoms of acidity and burning sensation rising up from abdomen to the chest region ,similar to that of a gastric upset and nausea. Since I knew the symptoms of an impending heart attack from various health magazines ,I did not want to take a chance and delay things at my end in seeing a Doctor.

My family immediately  took  me to the nearby Cardiac Hospital for emergency First-aid and treatment. I had an Heart attack.

In my case, through a process known as Thrombolytic Therapy, the dangerous clot inside the blood vessel was broken up and to perform this treatment, clot dissolving medicines were injected into the blood vessel. The doctors dissolved the clot and I was back to normal in two hours. But I had to  stay for a week in the hospital on observation. I became terribly weak and my weight gradually came down from 58 kgs to 52 kgs due to the restriction in diet etc.

Allowing  the heart to beat as “Lubb-Dubb,Lubb-Dubb,” in a strong, steady and slow manner.  It will then sound to one as “Life-Love,Love-Life”

Back home,  even today I  continue with the medication, special attention to my  diet and daily exercises like walking etc.

Heart problems comes in different forms and to deal with each case, Doctors have different methods. There are about ten vascular treatment and surgeries

For the benefit of the readers, I enumerate below the various symptoms  of a threatening  heart attack/ cardiac arrest, and an easy way to remember any such  symptoms.  This will help one in an emergency as it did in my case.

The symptoms of Heart Attack  are:

A stands  for Angina.  (chest pain).

B    ”     ”  Breathlessness.

C    ”     ”  Chronic fatigue.

D    ”     ”  Dizziness.

E    ”     ”  Edema in ankles and lower legs(For women).

F    ”     ”  Fluttering or rapid heart beats / palpitations

G    ”     ”  Gastric upset,nausea

Finding out if one had a heart attack is the job of the Doctor. He does the following:

1.Blood test to detect abnormal levels of certain enzymes in the blood

2. Takes an ECG to discover any abnormality caused hy damage to the heart

3.Review complete medical history of the patient and

4.Do a physical  examination of the patient.

One can get an indication of the  onset of an heart attack or slow  it down by remembering the above symptoms and taking timely action.  The attacks and strokes can then be prevented or at least postponed to a much older age with the help of a Doctor and lead a good life, allowing  the heartbeat to continue as Lubb-Dubb,Lubb-Dubb, in a strong, steady and slow manner.  The heart beat will then sound to one as Life-Love,Love-Life….

What causes Fatty Liver

What causes Fatty Liver

fatty_liver
fatty_liver

Before discussing about “Fatty Liver’, let us learn something about the organ itself.

-Liver-  is also called The “Silent” organ in the body.

Generally people talk about their teeth, hair, lungs, heart, face etc, but very rarely about Liver and its existence, even though Liver happens to be the largest organ in one’s body weighing roughly one and a half kilos. It resides in the upper right part of one’s abdomen, well protected by ribs. It is said that it does more than 500 types of jobs and if any one of its major jobs  fails  , one can better start making funeral arrangements. One can not  find any  other way of over-emphasizing the importance of this vital organ in the human body than mentioning it in the manner  as above.

Liver  participates virtually in everything, as for example, it provides muscle fuel, if one wants to play a game of Golf, digest one’s breakfast, manufacture the Vitamins that helps one’s night vision and so on. Its job is endless. This being so, is it not one’s duty to take care of this vital organ from diseases? protect it from any damage? and at least minimum care, so that it can do its job silently and help one to lead a healthy life free from diseases.

Hepatitis, Fatty liver, Cirrhosis, Cancer, etc, are some of the common diseases affecting the liver.

Now lets just discuss about Fatty Liver

What is Fatty Liver?

Fatty liver is a condition where fat or triglycerides deposit in the liver.Some fat in the liver is mormal, but if it makes up more than five to ten percent of the weight of your liver , you would be at risk. Alcoholic or non-alcoholic.

What causes metabolic fatty liver disease?

1. Alcohol consumption.
2. Metabolic causes like diabetes mellitus, obesity.
3. Hepatitis C.
4. Drugs.
5. Starvation.

1. What are the diseases most commonly seen in Fatty liver?

Fatty liver itself is an abnormal condition and it increases the risk of developing conditions like Cancer, hepatitis, Cirrhosis, etc. At these latter two stages, jaundice might also develop.

2. Does diet play any part?

diet rich in fat and calories raises the chance of obesity-induced insulin resistance.

3. What is the treatment?

Treatment starts with weight reduction, but not rapidly. An average of 1.6 kgs/ week is recommended. The target should be 10% reduction of the baseline weight.Depending on the stage and symptom of the disease, medications are prescribed.Diet, exercise, and certain medications are the recommended ways to reduce weight.Bariatric surgery is advised for morbidly obese patients.

4.  Is it possible to lead a normal life With a fatty Liver?

Fatty liver is a life long condition. Still with a few lifestyle changes,necessary treatment,and periodic check up with the doctor there is no reason why a patient suffering from fatty liver should not enjoy a normal life.

You can also read on ways to cure fatty liver

Do you also have a fatty liver? How do you cope up with it, have you done any modifications in your life style to control fatty liver? Please do let us know.

fatty_liver